Die Christenverfolgung unter Nero: Ursachen und Grundlagen - download pdf or read online

By Maxi Hoffmann

Studienarbeit aus dem Jahr 2009 im Fachbereich Geschichte - Weltgeschichte - Altertum, notice: 1,0, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin (Institut für Geschichtswissenschaften), Veranstaltung: playstation - Entstehung des Christentums, Sprache: Deutsch, summary: Ziel dieser Hausarbeit soll es sein, die Ursachen und Umstände der Christenverfolgung unter Nero zu untersuchen, sowie die Forschungspositionen zu den rechtlichen Grundlagen der Verfolgung darzustellen. Nero gab den Christen die Schuld an dem großen model Roms sixty four n. Chr. und verfolgte und verurteilte sie daraufhin. Es soll geklärt werden, inwieweit das Christenbild der heidnischen Umwelt Neros Vorgehen beeinflusste, für welches Verbrechen sie nach Tacitus‘ Bericht bestraft wurden und ob Nero ein gesetzliches Christenverbot erließ, das ihn zum Begründer aller darauf folgenden Christenverfolgungen machte.

Der erste Teil der Arbeit beschäftigt sich mit dem monotheistischen Charakter des Christentums und der Wahrnehmung der Christen als politische Gruppe als die wesentlichen Punkte der Sicht der nichtchristlichen Römer auf die Christen. Im zweiten Teil wird auf den model Roms als Anlass der Christenverfolgung eingegangen und die Frage nach dem Grund der Verurteilung geklärt. Im dritten Teil findet schließlich die Diskussion über ein, möglicherweise durch Nero erlassenes, Gesetz über die Verfolgung der Christen statt.

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Download PDF by Josine Blok: Citizenship in Classical Athens

By Josine Blok

What did citizenship quite suggest in classical Athens? it really is conventionally understood as characterized by way of maintaining political workplace. when you consider that simply males may well accomplish that, purely they have been thought of to be voters, and the neighborhood (polis) has seemed essentially because the scene of men's political activities. despite the fact that, Athenian legislations outlined voters now not through political place of work, yet through descent. faith used to be critical to the polis and during this area, girls performed admired public roles. either women and men have been referred to as 'citizens'. On a brand new analyzing of the proof, Josine Blok argues that for the Athenians, their polis used to be based on a permanent bond with the gods. legislation anchored the polis' commitments to people and gods during this bond, transmitted over the years to female and male Athenians as equivalent heirs. All public places of work, in a number of methods and as befitting gender and age, served either the human group and the divine powers maintaining Athens.

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Fighting Hydra-like Luxury: Sumptuary Regulation in the by Emanuela Zanda PDF

By Emanuela Zanda

From the outdated testomony to Elizabethan England, luxurious has been morally condemned. In Rome, sumptuary legislation (laws controlling intake) appeared the single weapon to defeat 'hydra-like luxury', the negative monster that used to be weakening even the most powerful citizens.

The first Roman sumptuary legislation, the Lex Appia, declared that no lady may possibly own greater than a part ounce of gold, put on a costume of other colors, or experience in a carriage in any urban until for a public rite. legislation indexed what number various colors should be worn by means of participants of alternative social periods: peasants may put on one color, infantrymen within the military may put on , military officials might put on 3, and participants of the royal family members may possibly put on seven. A legislations glided by Emperor Aurelian acknowledged that males could not put on sneakers that have been purple, yellow, eco-friendly, or white, and that purely the emperor and his sons may put on purple or pink sneakers. a number of different legislation constrained how a lot humans might spend on events and the way many of us they can invite.

In this e-book, Emanuela Zanda explores the needs in the back of the enactment of such laws in Rome in the course of the Republic. She engages with the historical-literary polemic opposed to luxurious and specializes in executive intervention in issues of extravagance by way of considering not just sumptuary legislation but in addition different measures that handled self-indulgence. She addresses and solutions a few questions about what precisely the ruling classification used to be attempting to in attaining, approximately its actual motivations, and concerning the importance of the ideological discourse surrounding the enactment of those laws.

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Download e-book for iPad: The Composite Bow (Weapon) by Mike Loades,Peter Dennis

By Mike Loades,Peter Dennis

An historical layout, rising from critical Asia within the moment millennium BC, the composite bow used to be followed by means of a remarkable number of cultures, from nomadic tribal peoples resembling the Huns, Turks and Mongols, to effective empires reminiscent of the Romans, Byzantines, Persians, Arabs and chinese language. delivering excessive strength and portability, the composite bow used to be a great cavalry weapon, even though it was once extensively utilized through infantry in open conflict and as a siege weapon. during this vital examine, a professional on japanese army know-how tells the tale of this impressive piece of army undefined; the way it used to be made and the way numerous cultures constructed differing strategies for utilizing it. He explains why the composite bow accomplished such beautiful successes and the way it persisted as a weapon of selection for hundreds of thousands of years.

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Get The Floating Stones of Egypt PDF

By James V. Barr

humans were speculating for hundreds of years approximately how the traditional Egyptians outfitted the nice Pyramids.

Few humans have paid cognizance to Herodotus and his writings approximately Egypt’s difficult canal process, yet historian James V. Barr believes those performed a severe position in pyramid building. hoping on years of study, he offers the lock and canal procedure of construction.

Barr additionally examines different theories of pyramid building resembling the levitation concept and the ramp concept. He explains why reasons of pyramid development that don't concentrate on the canal procedure are fallacious and why the canal and lock approach makes the main sense.

Barr hopes to teach Egypt either because it as soon as was once and because it is this present day, sharing fullyyt new pictures, drawings, and maps. this can be concise, informative primer for a person who desires to research extra in regards to the tools hired in pyramid construction.

Discover the ingenuity of the traditional Egyptians and dig deeper into a few of their maximum feats of engineering as you are taking a visit again in time at the Floating Stones of Egypt.

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Download e-book for kindle: Women in Ancient Rome: A Sourcebook (Bloomsbury Sources in by Bonnie MacLachlan

By Bonnie MacLachlan

This sourcebook contains a wealthy and available choice of Roman unique resources in translation starting from the Etruscan interval via Republican and Imperial Rome to the overdue Empire and the arrival of Christianity. From Roman goddesses to mortal ladies, imperial girls to slaves and prostitutes, the amount brings new views to the research of Roman women's lives. Literary resources include works through Livy, Catullus, Ovid, Juvenal etc. feedback for additional interpreting, a normal bibliography, and an index of old authors and works also are included.

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New PDF release: Emperors and Bishops in Late Roman Invective

By Richard Flower

This leading edge examine illuminates the function of polemical literature within the political lifetime of the Roman empire via reading the earliest surviving invectives directed opposed to a residing emperor. Written by way of 3 bishops (Athanasius of Alexandria, Hilary of Poitiers, Lucifer of Cagliari), those texts attacked Constantius II (337–61) for his vicious and tyrannical behaviour, in addition to his heretical spiritual ideals. This booklet explores the options hired by means of those authors to offer themselves as fearless champions of liberty and guardians of religion, as they sought to strengthen their authority at a time after they have been out of step with the present imperial view of Christian orthodoxy. in addition, by way of analysing this particular number of writings along overdue old panegyrics and ceremonial, it additionally rehabilitates anti-imperial polemic as a major political task and explores the ways that it functioned in the advanced internet of displays and perceptions that underpinned overdue Roman strength relationships.

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New PDF release: The Storm Before the Storm: The Beginning of the End of the

By Mike Duncan

The author of the vastly well known, award-winning podcast sequence The historical past of Rome brings to lifestyles the tale of the tumultuous years that set the level for the autumn of the Roman Republic.

The Roman Republic was once probably the most amazing achievements within the historical past of civilization. After its founding in 509 BCE, the Romans refused to permit a unmarried chief to grab keep an eye on of the kingdom and seize absolute energy. The Roman dedication to cooperative executive and peaceable transfers of energy was once unequalled within the heritage of the traditional world.
But through the yr 133 BCE, the republican approach was once not able to deal with the significant empire Rome now governed. nearly once they'd conquered the Mediterranean, Rome grew to become engulfed in violent political conflicts and civil wars that might damage the Republic lower than a century later.
Chronicling the years 133-80 BCE, The typhoon sooner than the Storm is a rollicking deep-dive into the bloody battles, political machinations, and human drama that outlined a deadly new political environment--a stark caution for contemporary readers approximately what occurs to a civilization pushed by way of expanding monetary inequality, political polarization, and ruthless ambition.

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Get The Religion of Babylonia and Assyria PDF

By Morris Jastrow

the faith of Babylonia and Assyria
Morris Jastrow, american orientalist and librarian (1861-1921)

This e-book offers «The faith of Babylonia and Assyria», from Morris Jastrow. A dynamic desk of contents permits to leap on to the bankruptcy selected.

Table of Contents
- approximately This Book
- Dedication
- Preface
- Introduction
- The Land And The People
- normal characteristics Of The outdated Babylonian Pantheon
- Babylonian Gods sooner than the times Of Hammurabi
- The Consorts Of The Gods
- Gudea's Pantheon
- Summary
- The Pantheon within the Days Of Hammurabi
- The Gods within the Temple Lists And within the felony And advertisement Documents
- The Minor Gods within the interval Of Hammurabi
- Survivals Of Animism within the Babylonian Religion
- The Assyrian Pantheon
- The Triad And The mixed Invocation Of Deities
- The Neo Babylonian Period
- The non secular Literature Of Babylonia
- the mystical Texts
- The Prayers And Hymns
- Penitential Psalms
- Oracles And Omens
- a number of periods Of Omens
- The Cosmology Of The Babylonians
- The Zodiacal procedure Of The Babylonians
- The Gilgamesh Epic
- Myths And Legends
- The perspectives Of existence After Death
- The Temples And The Cult
- Conclusion

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