By Archibald R. Lewis
Early within the 8th century, the present of the Muslim move that inundated northern Spain crept over the Pyrenees to unfold throughout a component of the French Midi. From the north the tide of Carolingian conquest pressured the Muslims again and took in those similar southern French and northerly Spanish provinces. in the course of the similar period the Vikings raided intermittently and with various levels of depth alongside the seacoasts and up the inland waterways, occasionally controlling massive parts for prolonged periods.
These raids and conquests necessarily affected the way of living of the folks of southern France and Catalonia. modern tourists and later students have famous that the feudal traditions and tasks that have been so robust within the north appeared very vulnerable or nonexistent within the south. they discovered that the land appeared to be held principally as allods, no longer as feudal fiefs; they observed that ladies held positions of bizarre energy, that through the zone there has been nice emphasis on cash, and that the traditions of Roman and Visigothic legislation nonetheless survived.
Although students have famous those adjustments, not anyone has made a complete research of southern French and Catalan society as a complete. it's to fill this void that Archibald Lewis presents this quantity. In a close and scholarly learn, dependent principally upon unique files and chronicles, he examines the familial, social, fiscal, governmental, army, and non secular lifetime of the world from 718 to 1050 A.D.
Lewis supplies as finished an image because the files will allow of the society that existed within the early 8th century, describes and discusses the foremost alterations which took place
during the following 3 centuries, and analyzes their reasons and results. This learn, along with cautious and special notes and an intensive bibliography, offers a competent and long-needed reference tool.
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Development of Southern French and Catalan Society, 718-1050 by Archibald R. Lewis